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Constitution of Nevada


Nevada capitol
Nevada capitol

Nevada is governed under its original constitution adopted in 1864, as amended. An amendment to the constitution may be proposed by a constitutional convention, by the legislature, or by initiative. In the latter two cases, the amendment must be approved by a majority of the people voting on the issue in a general election in order to be ratified.

The executive branch is headed by the governor and lieutenant governor, who are elected for four-year terms, as are also the secretary of state, attorney general, controller, and treasurer. There are about 20 other elected officials.

Legislative power


The legislature consists of an Assembly and a Senate. Senators are elected for four years, and Assembly members for two years. Regular sessions of the legislature convene in January of odd-numbered years. The governor has the power to call the legislature into special session. The governor may not serve more than two consecutive terms.

The judiciary


The judiciary is headed by a supreme court composed of a chief justice and associate justices, who are elected for six years. In addition, there are district judges, elected for six-year terms, and a number of justices of the peace, also elected for four-year terms. There are municipal courts in some cities. All judges in Nevada are elected on a nonpartisan basis.

Local government


In Nevada the counties are important instruments of local government. Each is administered by a small board of commissioners. Unincorporated cities and towns are governed by the county officials. Most of the state’s incorporated cities and towns have the mayor-council form of municipal government. In addition to its two U.S. Senators, Nevada elects three members to the House of Representatives, giving the state a total of five electoral votes. "Nevada" © Emmanuel BUCHOT, Encarta, Wikipedia

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