Nevada is governed under its original constitution adopted in 1864, as amended. An amendment to the constitution may be proposed by a constitutional convention, by the legislature, or by initiative. In the latter two cases, the amendment must be approved by a majority of the people voting on the issue in a general election in order to be ratified.
The executive branch is headed by the governor and lieutenant governor, who are elected for four-year terms, as are also the secretary of state, attorney general, controller, and treasurer. There are about 20 other elected officials.
The legislature consists of an Assembly and a Senate. Senators are elected for four years, and Assembly members for two years. Regular sessions of the legislature convene in January of odd-numbered years. The governor has the power to call the legislature into special session. The governor may not serve more than two consecutive terms.
The judiciary is headed by a supreme court composed of a chief justice and associate justices, who are elected for six years. In addition, there are district judges, elected for six-year terms, and a number of justices of the peace, also elected for four-year terms. There are municipal courts in some cities. All judges in Nevada are elected on a nonpartisan basis.
In Nevada the counties are important instruments of local government. Each is administered by a small board of commissioners. Unincorporated cities and towns are governed by the county officials. Most of the state’s incorporated cities and towns have the mayor-council form of municipal government. In addition to its two U.S. Senators, Nevada elects three members to the House of Representatives, giving the state a total of five electoral votes. "Nevada" © Emmanuel BUCHOT, Encarta, Wikipedia
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