Livestock and livestock products provided 67 percent of farm income in the state in the 2006. Cattle raising and poultry farming are major sources of income in southern and eastern Mississippi. Large areas of abandoned cotton land, ruined by erosion or boll weevil infestation, are used for cattle. Milk production has increased as the quality of dairy herds has risen. In the late 1990s, broilers were the leading source of livestock income. Mississippi is among the leading states in commercial broiler production. Poultry farming is particularly important in south-central Mississippi. Large numbers of eggs and some hogs are also produced.
Shrimps, oysters, and menhaden are the most important products of Mississippi’s offshore fishing industry, which produced $39 million for the state’s economy in 2007. Biloxi is a major center for both the shrimp and oyster fishing industries. Menhaden account for much of the annual catch, by quantity and value. Menhaden are used in making livestock feed, fertilizer, and other products. Pascagoula is a leading United States menhaden port and processing center. With nearly 40,000 hectares (100,000 acres) of catfish ponds, Mississippi is the leader among the states in the production of freshwater catfish on farms. In 1998 growers earned $307 million, or five times as much income from catfish as the next productive state, Alabama.
Catfish farming is centered in Humphreys County in the Delta. In 1998 Mississippi produced more than one-half of farm-raised catfish in the United States. In areas otherwise not suitable for agriculture, Mississippi has made catfish farming the state’s fastest growing industry.
The state’s forests are a source of vast quantities of lumber and pulpwood. The longleaf pine is the principal commercial tree in the densely forested sections of southern Mississippi. Farther north the longleaf pine is gradually replaced by loblolly, slash, and shortleaf pines and by hardwoods, such as oaks, hickories, and tulip trees.
Millions of acres of private and national forest land have been reforested since the 1930s and are being managed as pine plantations. The pine plantations of Mississippi produce large quantities of pulpwood, as well as pine lumber. Naval stores, including turpentine, rosin, tar, and pitch, are also produced. "Mississippi" © Emmanuel BUCHOT, Encarta, Wikipedia
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