The first free elementary school in what is now Wisconsin was founded at Southport (now Kenosha) in 1845, and the first free high school was established in the same community four years later. In 1856 Margaretta Schurz, the wife of political reformer Carl Schurz, established the first kindergarten in the United States, in Watertown. The first statewide vocational and adult-education network in the nation was established in Wisconsin in 1911. By the early 20th century the public education system of Wisconsin had been well developed.
The first institution of higher education in the state was Milton College, in Milton, founded in 1844. By far the largest institution today is the University of Wisconsin System, with 13 four-year campuses, including the flagship campus at Madison, and 13 two-year campuses.
Other schools include Marquette University and Mount Mary College, in Milwaukee; Lawrence University, in Appleton; Beloit College, in Beloit; Ripon College, in Ripon; and Carroll College, in Waukesha.
A commission was established in 1895 to promote and coordinate library service throughout Wisconsin. Members of the original library commission founded the Legislative Reference Library in Madison in 1901. Now called the Legislative Reference Bureau, it provides research services for state legislators and assists them in the drafting of legislation. The largest public library in the state is the Milwaukee Public Library. The library of the State Historical Society of Wisconsin is in Madison. "Wisconsin" © Emmanuel BUCHOT, Encarta, Wikipedia.
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