New York has the oldest state system of education. In 1784 a governing body, called the board of regents of the University of the State of New York, was authorized to control secondary and higher education. In 1812 a common school system was established, with school districts in each town. These two agencies were combined in 1904 to form the state education department, headed by the board of regents. The board sets educational policy for the state’s public and private elementary and secondary schools, public and private colleges and universities, proprietary schools, libraries, museums, and public broadcasting facilities.
In its public and private institutions of higher learning, New York enrolls more students than any other state except California. The State University of New York supervises tax-supported colleges and universities, including two-year community colleges. In the late 2000s, there were 64 campuses in the system. The first institution of higher education in the state was King’s College (now Columbia University), in New York City, which was incorporated under a royal charter in 1754. In addition to Columbia University, which encompasses Barnard College, other schools include New York University, the Juilliard School, The Rockefeller University, Yeshiva University, Pratt Institute, Fordham University, Wagner College, St. John’s University, and the New School for Social Research, in New York City;
the United States Military Academy, in West Point; Cornell University and Ithaca College, in Ithaca; Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, in Troy; Skidmore College, in Saratoga Springs; Bard College, in Annandale-on-Hudson; Hamilton College, in Clinton; Hobart and William Smith Colleges, in Geneva; Colgate University, in Hamilton; Union College, in Schenectady; Vassar College, in Poughkeepsie; Syracuse University, in Syracuse; Sarah Lawrence College, in Yonkers; and the University of Rochester, in Rochester. "New York" © Emmanuel BUCHOT, Encarta, Wikipedia
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