The first Western schools in Hawaii were started in the 1820s by Protestant missionaries from New England. During the 1840s a system of government supported public schools was established. English began to replace Hawaiian as the language of public instruction in the 1850s.
School attendance is compulsory for all children from the age of 6 until the age of 18. Unlike most other states, Hawaii does not have local or county school boards. Control of education is vested in the state government. Some 19 percent of the students are enrolled in private schools. Among the best known are the Kamehameha schools for children of Hawaiian ancestry.
In the 2004–2005 school year Hawaii spent $10,335 on each student’s education, compared to a national average of $ 9,910. There were 16 students for every teacher (the national average was 15.5 students). Of those older than 25 years of age in the state, 89.4 percent have a high school diploma, compared with an average of 84.5 percent for the nation as a whole.
Hawaii has 10 public and 13 private institutions of higher education. The University of Hawaii, founded as a land-grant college, is the state university. In addition to the main campus in Honolulu, called the University of Hawaii at Manoa, the University of Hawaii System includes branch campuses at Hilo and West Oahu, as well as seven community colleges. The university, which has long attracted students and scholars from all parts of the Pacific area, is the site of a unique institution called the Center for Cultural and Technical Interchange Between East and West, better known as the East-West Center. Brigham Young University-Hawaii Campus, Chaminade University of Honolulu, and Hawaii Pacific University, all on the island of Oahu, are private schools. "Hawaii" © Emmanuel BUCHOT, Encarta, Wikipedia
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