The Semperoper Dresden is one of the most famous operas in the world.The name Semperoper refers to the building, whereas the company is referred to as Sächsische Staatsoper Dresden (literally "Saxon State Opera Dresden"), sometimes simply abbreviated as Staatsoper Dresden. Symbol of the city of Dresden, it is used as a symbol of the local beer brand Radeberger. It is also the home of the Staatskapelle Dresden. In 1838, the architect Gottfried Semper (1803-1879) began construction of the first theater of the royal court in a Renaissance style. Completed in 1841, he opened on April 13, 1841. But in 1849, for having participated in the May uprising, Semper was forced to leave Saxony.
Wagner came to Dresden for the creation of his Rienzi on October 20, 1842. There he created other operas: on January 2, 1843, Der Fliegende Holländer was created and Tannhäuser was premiered on October 19, 1845.
This first building was destroyed by a fire on September 21, 1869. The building burned down in 1869 and its replacement began in 1871. Gottfried Semper, who is still forbidden to stay, was secretly entrusted by some people with the mission. He draws the plans and passes them on to his son Manfred.
The second theater was completed in 1878 and inaugurated with Weber's Jubelouvertüre and Iphigénie en Tauride by Gluck. The new opera, still in the Renaissance style, physically surpasses the first opera while adapting to surrounding buildings, including the Zwinger. The opera will give performances until August 31, 1944. But the war will not spare him. On February 13, 1945, the opera nears the disappearance under the bombs. Only the exterior walls and some sculptures remain. An early classification of the missing pieces took place in 1952. The first stone of the third Semperoper was laid in 1977.
The reconstruction will be identical. For one change, linked to the evolution of the standards, the number of places will be reduced to 1,400 at the same time as the stage is enlarged. The third Semperoper was inaugurated on February 13, 1985 with the opera Der Freischütz (The Free Shooter) by Weber. © Photo of Emmanuel Buchot
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