Maryland is served by numerous public libraries, including the outstanding Enoch Pratt Free Library in Baltimore, the leading public library in the state. The libraries are operated by 24 tax-supported library systems, which annually circulate an average of 9.4 books per resident, one of the highest rates in the country. Bookmobiles serve residents in some rural areas. The Maryland State Library in Annapolis, founded in 1827, houses numerous collections of special and general interest. The largest university library in the state is that of Johns Hopkins University. Documents relating to the history of Maryland are housed in the library of the Maryland Historical Society, in Baltimore; in the State Hall of Records, in Annapolis; and in a number of other libraries. Among the noted special collections in the state are the National Library of Medicine, part of the National Institutes of Health in Bethesda, the National Agriculture Library, in Beltsville, and the music library at the Peabody Conservatory of Music.
In the U.S. Naval Academy’s library are many works dealing with military and naval subjects. Morgan State University library houses a special collection of black writings and documents relating to black history. The Medical and Chirurgical Faculty Library in Baltimore is outstanding in the fields of medicine and surgery.
Most of the noted museums in Maryland are situated in Baltimore. Among them are several fine-arts museums, including the Baltimore Museum of Art and the Walters Art Gallery. The chief historical museum in Maryland is maintained in Baltimore by the Maryland Historical Society. Hagerstown is the seat of the Washington County Museum of Fine Arts. In Saint Michaels is Chesapeake Bay Maritime Museum.
The U.S. Naval Academy Museum, in Annapolis, houses items relating to naval history. There were 13 daily newspapers published in Maryland in 2002. The first newspaper issued in the state was the Maryland Gazette, established at Annapolis in 1727.
A second Maryland Gazette, also published at Annapolis, was founded in 1745. The first newspaper in Baltimore, the Maryland Journal and Baltimore Advertiser, began operations in 1773. In the early decades of the 19th century, Niles’ Weekly Register, published in Baltimore by Hezekiah Niles, was one of the most influential papers in the United States. Baltimore is the home of the state’s leading daily, the Sun. The Sun dates from 1837. The noted editor and critic H. L. Mencken was associated with the newspaper from 1906 to 1941. Other major Maryland dailies include the Salisbury Daily Times, the Hagerstown Daily Mail and Morning Herald, the Cumberland Times-News, and the Annapolis Capital.
The first radio stations in Maryland, WCAO and WFBR, began broadcasting in Baltimore in 1922. WMAR-TV, the first television station in the state, began operations in 1947 in Baltimore. In 2002 Maryland had 39 AM and 60 FM radio stations and 16 television stations. "Maryland" © Emmanuel BUCHOT, Encarta, Wikipedia
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