Budapest is the largest city and the capital of Hungary. It is located downstream from the Danube bend between the Transdanubia Massif and the Alföld. Its inhabitants are Budapest residents.
The present city is created in 1873 by the merger of Buda - then capital of Hungary - of Pest and Óbuda. It originates from the site of Aquincum, a Celtic settlement that became the capital of Lower Pannonia during Roman times. The Magyars arrive in the region in the ninth century. Their first location is looted by the Mongols in 1241-1242. The city is rebuilt and becomes one of the centers of the humanist culture of the Renaissance in the fifteenth century6. After nearly 150 years of Ottoman rule, it continues to develop and its apogee with the flourishing of the industrial era in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. After the merger of 1873 and the accession of the city to the rank of second capital of Austria-Hungary, Budapest reaches the proportions and characteristics of a world city7. Marked by the various traces left by history, Budapest was the epicenter of the Hungarian Revolution of 1848, the Republic of Hungary's Councils of 1919, Operation Panzerfaust in 1944, the Battle of Budapest in 1945 and the 1956 uprising.
Regarded as one of the most beautiful cities in Europe and as the pearl of the Danube, its panorama, the district of Buda Castle, the Andrássy Avenue and the Millenium metropolitan area are UNESCO World Heritage. A major tourist destination, the city attracts more than 4.3 million visitors a year. © Photo of Emmanuel Buchot
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