The Theatine Church (Theatinerkirche) is a Catholic church in Munich, located in the Odeon Square and built in Baroque style. Theatinerkirche ("The Theatine Church") in Munich was built at the instigation of Prince Elector Ferdinand-Marie of Bavaria and his wife Henriette-Adélaïde of Savoy to celebrate the birth of their child and future prince-elector Maximilian-Emmanuel , July 11, 1662.
The architect Agostino Barelli was called from Bologna to draw the plans, while Antonio Spinelli, theologian father (hence the name Theatinerkirche) was appointed prime contractor.
The construction of the building began April 29, 1663 under the supervision of the Prince-elector. The nave was completed in 1672, which allowed the artist Carlo Brentano Moretti to make the stucco. In 1674 the construction of the dome began, while at the same time Fr. Spinelli was replaced by Enrico Zucalli as the architect of the work, following an argument by Spinelli with Agostino Barelli. After that, Zucalli made a new plan for the cupola which was completed between 1676 and 1678, while the family tomb of the prince-elector's family was built in 1679.
The first part of the work was completed when the two towers of the facade were built in 1690. The church thus seemed to be finished, but it lacked the facade today: it was built between 1765 and 1768 at the request of the prince-elector, Maximilian III Joseph of Bavaria, after the plans of Francis de Cuvillies, a French architect; a new mausoleum was built in 1864 at the request of Eduard von Riedel, after the death of Maximilian II.
During the Second World War, the church was bombed four times by the Allies and suffered major damage: an altarpiece of Antonio Zanchi was destroyed, as well as the tabernacle, the southern chapel and most of the statues of apostles, with the exception of those of St. Mark and St. John. The rebuilding of the building was however fast and the church was reopened to the offices as from August 21, 1955. © Photo of Emmanuel Buchot
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