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Canada - map and geography


Canada, federated country of North America, a member of the Commonwealth of Nations, bounded on the north by the Arctic Ocean; on the north-east by Baffin Bay and Davis Strait, which separate it from Greenland; on the east by the Atlantic Ocean; on the south by the United States; and on the west by the Pacific Ocean and the US state of Alaska. It was formerly known as the Dominion of Canada. Occupying all of North America north of the conterminous United States, except Alaska, Greenland, St Pierre and Miquelon Islands, Canada is the world’s second-largest country, surpassed in size only by Russia. It includes many islands, notably the Canadian Arctic Islands (Arctic Archipelago) in the Arctic Ocean. Among the larger members of this group, which in aggregate area is about 1,424,500 sq km (550,000 sq mi), are (in descending order) Baffin, Victoria, Ellesmere, Banks, Devon, Axel Heiberg, and Melville islands.

Canada geographical map


Canada map
Canada map

Canada geography


Cape Columbia, a promontory of Ellesmere Island at latitude 83°06′ north, is the northernmost point of Canada; its southernmost point is Middle Island in Lake Erie, at latitude 41°41′ north. The easternmost and westernmost limits are delineated, respectively, by longitude 52°37′ west, which lies along Cape Spear, on Newfoundland Island, and longitude 141° west, which coincides with part of the Alaska-Yukon border. Canada has a total area of 9,984,670 km (3,855,103 sq mi), of which 755,180 sq km (291,575 sq mi) is covered by bodies of freshwater such as rivers and lakes, including those portions of the Great Lakes under Canadian jurisdiction.

Canada contains great reserves of natural resources, notably timber, petroleum, natural gas, metallic minerals, and fish. It is also an important manufacturing country, and its major cities, such as Toronto, Montreal, Winnipeg, Calgary, Edmonton, Vancouver, and Ottawa (the country’s capital) are bustling centres of commerce and industry. Most of Canada’s inhabitants live in the southern part of the country, and vast areas of the north are sparsely inhabited. The name “Canada” is believed to derive from an Iroquoian term meaning “village” or “community”. "Canada" © Emmanuel BUCHOT, Encarta, Wikipedia

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