Pictures of Beijing, capital of China. Discover images of the Forbidden City, the temple of the Sky. Travel to China.
Beijing is 110 kilometers from the Bohai Sea at the northeastern end of the North China Plain. There are mountains to the west and north of Beijing. Further north are regions belatedly attached to China. This is why the Great Wall of China, which marked the boundary of the Chinese territory to the north, passes near Beijing.
The first traces of human habitation in Beijing were found in the caves of Dragonbone Hill, near Zhoukoudian Village in Fangshan District, where Peking Man lived. Fossils of homo erectus from these caves would date back to 230,000 or 250,000 years ago. During the Paleolithic, homo sapiens also lived here about 27,000 years ago. Cities dating from the first millennium BCE were discovered near Beijing. The city of Ji (薊 jì), south of present-day Beijing, was the capital of the powerful state of Yan (燕 yān) at the time of the Warring States (473-221 BC). Qin Shi Huang (246-210 BC) makes himself master of the city and the whole kingdom. Became the first emperor of China in 221 BC AD, it reorganizes its vast territory into thirty-six commanderies and Ji becomes the seat of one of them. Ji, renamed Youzhou under Emperor Wudi, is still important under the Han, but it is a peripheral city compared to the larger Chinese centers located further south. During the fall of the Han, the city became the fiefdom of warlord Gongsun Zan. In the Tang Dynasty, Ji became the seat of Jiedushi Fanyang, the military governor of present-day Hebei. The revolt of An Lushan starts from there in the year 755. © Pictures of Emmanuel Buchot
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