Idaho is one of the last great sanctuaries for larger mammals in the United States. Large animals found there include the moose, antelope, woodland caribou, wapiti (or elk), cougar (or mountain lion), grizzly bear, black bear, and lynx. Mule deer and white-tailed deer are common throughout the state. High in the mountains are found the bighorn, or Rocky Mountain sheep, and the mountain goat. Among the smaller mammals in the state are the beaver, coyote, red fox, wolverine, muskrat, otter, weasel, badger, snowshoe rabbit, jackrabbit, gopher, mink, marmot, raccoon, marten, fisher, and chipmunk. Several species of lizard and snake occur. The only poisonous snake is the Western rattlesnake.
Idaho lies on one path of the great bird migration route known as the Pacific flyway. In the fall, mallard, pintails, numerous other species of duck, Canada geese, and whistling swans stream southward across the state toward their winter feeding grounds. Seabirds, including species of tern, gull, and phalarope, sometimes wander inland as far as Idaho. Other water birds common to the state are the great blue heron, kingfisher, white pelican, double-crested cormorant, American avocet, coot, and several species of grebe, rail, and sandpiper. In addition to waterfowl, resident game birds include species of grouse and quail, and chukar, ring-necked pheasant, and gray, or Hungarian, partridge.
Predatory birds found in Idaho are the bald eagle, golden eagle, and species of osprey, marsh hawk, owl, shrike, and hawk. The lower Saint Joe and Coeur d’Alene rivers are important osprey nesting areas.
Among the numerous other bird species are the raven, yellow-headed blackbird, rock wren, Williamson’s sapsucker, red crossbill, robin, gray-headed junco, Rocky Mountain jay, Clark’s nutcracker, red-shafted flicker, mourning dove, and cowbird. There are also hummingbirds, warblers, and sparrows. The beautiful mountain bluebird is the state bird. Idaho is noted for its abundant fish resources. The game fish found there include salmon, steelhead, trout, largemouth bass, crappie, bluegill, sturgeon, whitefish, channel catfish, and bullhead. "Idaho" © Emmanuel BUCHOT, Encarta, Wikipedia
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