Bison, or American buffalo, once inhabited Indiana, but all had disappeared by the time of extensive settlement in the Indiana region in the early 19th century. The black bear, wildcat, and timber wolf, common in the 19th century, are also no longer found in the state. The red fox and the white-tailed deer are still to be found, however. Among the smaller mammals that are common in Indiana are the muskrat, mink, chipmunk, opossum, gray squirrel, raccoon, cottontail, striped gopher, and woodchuck.
An estimated 200 species of birds appear regularly each year in Indiana, although nearly 400 species have been recorded there. Large numbers of birds pass through the state during the spring and fall migrations. The migratory routes cross the northwestern and southern sections of the state, which lie in the so-called Mississippi Flyway.
Migratory birds include species of herons, sandpipers, warblers, blackbirds, sparrows, swallows, thrushes, rails, and flycatchers. Migratory waterfowl that are also game birds include the Canada goose, coot, and blue-winged teal and the mallard, black duck, and other kinds of ducks. One of the state’s principal game birds is the bobwhite, a species of quail, which is a year-round resident. Other resident game birds are the ring-necked pheasant, prairie chicken, and ruffed grouse. Among the great variety of other resident birds in the state are the rock dove, common crow, herring gull, turkey vulture, killdeer, blue jay, black-capped chickadee, eastern meadowlark, western meadowlark, white-breasted nuthatch, several kinds of hawks, owls, and woodpeckers, and the cardinal, which is the state bird.
The Indiana Dunes are visited by a great variety of birds that nest or stop over there during migration. Among those not frequently seen elsewhere in Indiana are the long-tailed jaeger, bald eagle, sandhill crane, western grebe, and Bewick’s wren.
Fish in the rivers and lakes of Indiana include the carp, catfish, freshwater drum, gizzard shad, bowfin (or dogfish), smallmouth bass, largemouth black bass, bluegill, and species of sucker, sunfish, and gar. "Indiana" © Emmanuel BUCHOT, Encarta, Wikipedia
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